As the end of the age approaches, many Christians are experiencing a supernatural awakening and are studying the Scriptures from a Hebraic perspective, just as the First Century followers of Yeshua (Jesus) did before the church left "the ancient paths" of the faith (Jer. 6:16). Elohim (God) is calling them out of modern-day spiritual Babylon (Rev. 18:4)  to help restore, “the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints…” (Jude 1:3). This incredible awakening is manifesting itself in what has become known as the Hebrew Roots Movement. 

In support of this grass roots movement, I have been led by Elohim (God) to create this website, and I pray that it will be a blessing to you! It is the product of a 38-year relationship with my heavenly Father, who has revealed many wonderful things to me.

May יהוה bless you

Stephen Otto

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Notable Scriptural Corrections in the APV

Features of the Ancient Paths Version




In Isaiah 46:9-10, Elohim declares, “Remember the former things of old, for I am Elohim, and there is none else. I am El, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done. Saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure….” This declaration by Elohim possibly contains the most overlooked detail regarding the understanding of prophecy. Those who desire to understand what is prophesied to happen at the end of the age must first “search out” what happened in the beginning. It makes sense, then, that the starting place for understanding the prophecies related to the end of the age is in the book of Genesis, which in Hebrew means, “Beginnings.”

King David wrote, “He built His sanctuary like the heights, like the earth which He has established forever”(Ps.78:69). A careful examination of this Scripture will reveal that it identifies three sanctuaries, which are all types of one another: 1. the “sanctuary” is a reference to the tabernacle in the wilderness; 2. the “earth” is a reference to planet earth, which is also a sanctuary; and 3. the “heights,” which is a reference to the original, heavenly sanctuary (Heb. 8:5; Ex. 25:40). Of course, it serves as the pattern for the other two sanctuaries.

The purpose of a sanctuary is to sustain life. Specifically, Elohim designed the earth to sustain physical life, and the tabernacle to sustain spiritual life. A comparison of the two will reveal that they contain equivalent, life-sustaining qualities. The life-sustaining qualities of the earth are contained in the seven days of creation, while the life-sustaining qualities of the tabernacle are contained in the seven phases of creation related to the tabernacle. Amazingly, when these equivalent, life-sustaining qualities are placed in a list, they prove to comprise a seven stage code that, if applied, will culminate in salvation! So, let’s dig deeper.

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One of the most intriguing mysteries of the Bible is the identity of the two witnesses in the Book of Revelation. They appear in chapter 11 of this highly-symbolic book where they play a prominent role in the prophecies that occur at the end of the age. There are a number of interpretations as to their identity. While all of them are based on elements of truth, they fall short because they fail to recognize the most important clue within the context of the chapter. That clue is in verse 15, which reads, “The seventh messenger sounded, and great voices in heaven followed, saying, ‘The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Master, and of His Messiah. He will reign forever and ever!’” This clue, understood in light of the fact that when Messiah Yeshua returns, He will return as our Groom, will reveal the identity of the two witnesses. Now, let’s study this chapter from a Hebrew Roots perspective, verse by verse! 


The Parable of the Good Samaritan, recorded in Luke 10:25-37, is one of Yeshua’s most beloved parables. Over the years ministers have read it to their followers hoping to instill in them a greater sense of brotherhood and kindness. While this teaching is commendable, it does not convey the fullest significance of the parable. The account begins when a lawyer, who was well-versed in the Law of Moses, the Torah, challenged Yeshua with the question, “…Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” After Yeshua’s reply, the lawyer asked the follow-up question, “Who is my neighbor?” It was at this point that Yeshua told the parable. Many people lose focus on the first question regarding eternal life and instead, focus on the follow-up question as if it were a separate, unrelated question. It is not. This mistake reduces the message of the parable to a social issue rather than a spiritual issue, salvation. So, with this context in mind, let us refocus on the true topic of the parable, salvation, to see what wonderful mysteries it contains!



In Isaiah 46:9-10, Elohim tells us that He declares, “…the end from the beginning….” As a result, those who desire to know what is prophesied to happen at the end of the age must first “search out” what happened in the beginning. It makes sense, then, that the starting place for understanding the prophecies related to the end of the age is in the book of Genesis, which in Hebrew means, the book of “Beginnings.”
In The Genesis Code, Part 1: The Tabernacle and Salvation, a biblical code was revealed in the book of Genesis, which is based on the seven days of creation. It is here where the keys to the prophecies that are related to the end of the age are encoded. The code has multiple applications, but perhaps none more significant than how it applies to the current, spiritual temple, the Body of Messiah (1 Cor. 3:16-17; 6:15-20; 2 Cor. 6:14-18; Eph. 2:19-22; 1 Pet. 2:5). So let’s dig even deeper!


Are the things that are happening in the world today signs that we are nearing the end of the age?  How did they spiral out of control so quickly? Is it possible that we have failed to identify the prophesies that culminate in Yeshua’s return (Rev. 11:15), namely the seven trumpet plagues? Is His return imminent? If it is, is it possible that the fifth trumpet plagues, which are described as the first “woe,” are currently being fulfilled? King Solomon wrote, “It is the glory of Elohim to conceal a matter, but the glory of kings is to search out a matter” (Prov. 25:2). So with this in mind, let's examine? 


The Shaliah (Apostle) Paul admonished Timothy to “Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers; and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables” (2 Tim. 4:2-4). Paul also admonishes Believers to “Test all things; hold fast what is good” (1 Thess. 5:21). So the Scriptures admonish us to test those who claim to come in YHVH’s name. But this begs the question “What standard do we rely on?” Isaiah wrote, “To the Torah and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, surely there is no light in them.” (Isa. 8:20). Paul and Silas preached at Berea and the people, “…received the word with all readiness of the mind, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.” (Acts 17:11) And many of them believed. Since the New Testament had not been written yet, the standard that the Bereans used was the Old Testament Scriptures.


Today, there is a great theological dispute in the Body of Messiah as to whom the people of Elohim truly are. Some Believers maintain that Elohim has replaced Israel with the church and that every biblical end of the age prophecy regarding Israel is by default a reference to the church. There are those who refer to this doctrine negatively as “replacement theology!” Other Believers maintain that Elohim has two groups of elect: Israel and the church. There are those who refer to this doctrine negatively as “separation theology!” Still others maintain that the church is Israel! This doctrine is known as “remnant theology!” What is the truth? Who are the people of Elohim today?