Deuteronomy 8:3 in the New King James Version, which is based on the Hebrew, Masoretic Text, reads, “...man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of the LORD [יהוה].”
This rendering is consistent with the Dead Sea Scrolls and Matthew 4:4 in the Shem Tov Hebrew Matthew, which uses the abbreviated form, “ה”, of the personal name of Elohim. However, rather than rendering the personal name of Elohim as “יהוה,” the Greek Septuagint and the Aramaic are rendered “Elohim,” which is consistent with Matthew 4:4 and Luke 4:4 in the New Testament.
Now, let’s consider the context of Deuteronomy chapter 18, the chapter in which Moses made the statement. The Israelites had just been delivered from Egypt and their false elohim through the 10 plagues (Ex. 18:11). As a result, Moses delivered a timely message to them, contrasting the impotence of their false elohim, who he consistently refers to as, “elohim,” with the powerful attributes of the true Elohim, who he consistently refers to as, “יהוה, your Elohim.”
Thus, the original text most likely read: “…man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of יהוה, your Elohim.” This is how Deuteronomy 8:3, Matthew 4:4 and Luke 4:4 are rendered in this version.
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